“I invite you who are sceptered princes to my palace to entertain our visitor indoors.

An analysis of The Iliad and The Odyssey will show three similarities and three differences between Achilles and Odysseus. In book XII, two Trojan warriors arising to the front line in battle are compared to “oaks that rear their crests on a mountain ridge, / standing up to the gales and driving rains, day, The Power in a name- The Iliad Books XI-XIII Analysis The themes: the power of a name, guest-friendship, glory, and honor appear in books six through eight of The Iliad. 123Helpme.com. Diomedes’ offer to host Glaucus “if ever you [Glaucus] come to Argos”, as well as Glaucus’ implied agreement to host Diomedes, shows that they are not now simply aware of the other’s lineage, but instead have a deep friendship inspired by nothing more than the virtue of the xenia of times past. Book 5: Summary: Athena temporarily gives Diomedes, son of King Tydeus of Argos, unmatched battle prowess.Diomedes battles fiercely, and Athena convinces Ares that they both should stand aside and let the mortals battle it out on their own. In the next generation, Culture Analysis Paper 3: Virgil ); Diomedes won’t fight gods (129) Diomedes asks Glaucus of his lineage, claiming that he does not fight gods Glaucus’ response: Men mean nothing, what difference does it make?

As we said, the Odyssey is the perfect introduction to the concept, portraying and perverting it in fascinating ways – you’d be hard-pressed to find a story in there that isn’t really about Xenia.

Diomedes comes out ahead in this exchange because his bronze armor is worth only nine oxen, while the golden armor of Glaukos is worth one hundred oxen, but the two men part as comrades. In the historical, images of men fighting for glory. Menelaus tells him a story that he has been wandering the sea for seven years and discovered that his brother Agamemnon was murdered. Copyright © 2000-2020. They trade armor (Glaucus’ armor is made of gold; Diomedes’ is made of, Zeus took away Glaucus’ wits during this trade; if he hadn’t, then Glaucus, might have been focusing on the fact that his armor is more valuable and, might have polluted their relationship of xenia, Hector enters Paris’ chambers spear first (334-36), Paris has been swept into his bed and saved from the duel (Aphrodite tells, Helen to greet him and Helen gets cheeky with Aphrodite – eventually Helen, Hector enters with his dick out; “if you keep acting like a bitch, I’m going to, Andromache’s moving, practical speech (433ff. No, it’s not a TV series from the 90s; it’s the Ancient Greek concept of hospitality. Achilles, hero of the book The Iliad, is fighting in the Trojan War. That is why the city of Sparta is well take care of because of his stay and ruling. To start off the analysis of the two characters, I’d like to begin, historical times, war was viewed as glorious, especially during the medieval era, as depicted in countless novels and narratives with which fighters were portrayed as heroic and brave. During battles, especially when warriors are gaining immense glory, many similes about plants and natural forces appear. Therefore the Achaeans were required by duty to Zeus to avenge this transgression, which as a violation of xenia was an insult to Zeus’s authority. This is the first, and only, breach of xenia in all of the Iliad, with good cause. Diomedes. Upon revealing it, Diomedes realizes that their fathers had practiced xenia with each other, they are guest-friends. Although it is safe to assume Oeneus acquired great wealth through his battles he still spent a large sum of money on his guest, not only through revelry but through gifts. Diomedes goes on to say,”That makes me your friend and you my guest / If ever you come to Argos, as you are my friend / And I your guest whenever I travel to Lycia” (6.231-233). To mark the friendship, they even trade armour on the battlefield (though through some divine trickery, Glaucus gets fleeced and trades solid gold armour worth a whopping 100 oxen for Diomedes’ frankly much less garish bronze armour, worth a paltry 9 oxen – yes that’s a legitimate currency). Xenia and a Return (Bk. These guest-host friendships were familial and could pass from parent to child, binding whole dynasties together. This bound much of Ancient Greece together in peaceful relationships and was integral to a burgeoning merchant class. Let no one refuse.”. We’re going to give the Trojans an advantage – part of plan to honor Achilles? As ever, keep an eye on the blog for more cool Classics facts and memes (that’s right, we know what you really want).

On the other hand, to open your home to them often proved very beneficial, as in the story of Baucis and Philemon, two paupers who were the only ones to invite a disguised Zeus and Hermes into their home. Epic similes are perhaps the greatest tool that Homer utilizes in the Iliad. ( Log Out /  ( Log Out /  Xenia even more powerful when Glaucus and Diomedes break fighting in middle of battle: esp during Diomedes rampage! Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. While the concept of Xenia might seem a tad alien today, there are definitely little customs that have filtered through to the modern world.

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