(2) The pl. 44, 93.]
Entry for 'Ashtaroth' - Holman Bible Dictionary - One of 28 Bible dictionaries freely available, this readable and easy to use dictionary takes advantage of the finest modern Bible scholarship It is also mentioned in the Moabite Stone inscr. Baalim and Ashtaroth are given as the collective names of the male and female demons (respectively) who came from between the "bordering flood of old Euphrates" and "the Brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground". It probably has no connection with the Greek Aster, or the Persian Esther. During the period of the Judges, the influence of Baalim and Ashtaroth was of such seriousness that repeated warnings were raised by the Judges against this worship (1 Sam 7:4; 12:10). Bible and its various VSS in three senses.
She is called the "queen of heaven," in Jeremiah 7:10; Jeremiah 44:17, and was called Baalti ("my lady") by the Ph?nicians.
De Nat. In all cases the term is used as a collective, as though the generating powers were met with anew in each particular case of human or animal generation. The occurrence of the term in 1 Samuel 31:10 has been criticized as being pl. Baal worship is alive and well in America and the world – though they do not call it that today. Apostatizing after the Canaanite cult of Ashtaroth was one of the reasons given for Israel’s defeat at the hand of the Philistines (12:10).
It is a title and, strictly speaking, not a name, usually found in the sense of “my lady,” “my goddess.” Her cultic worship was widely distributed through the Near E, and the name appears in the Heb. Then the children of Israel did put away Baalim and Ashtaroth, and served the LORD only. Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural, LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel, Preposition-l, Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular, Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - proper - feminine plural, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, OT History: Judges 2:13 They forsook Yahweh and served Baal (Jd Judg. This deity was the female consort of the male deity Ba’al, and pairs of them were found in the villages of the Canaanites; thus the OT prohibition against the worship and rites of either Baalim (pl.) - Baal and Ashtaroth. Baal and Ashtaroth Judges 2:13. It was later allotted to the half-tribe of Manasseh and settled by the house of Machir. Baalim. The town called Ashtaroth was located in northern Trans-Jordan near ancient Edrei and N of the village of Jair. The words resemble each other less in Hebrew, as Ashtaroth begins with , not with . Praep. form of the title was dominant. Attempts have been made to etymologize this place name, but no one suggestion seems decisive. of King Mesha (2 Kings 3:4).
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The district was known as Karnaiym after the Assyrian conquest of the northern kingdom and was so named in Genesis 14:5.
In Ugaritic mythology, El the high god is pictured as a rutting bull among a herd of cows. Actually, there were two gods which were essentially worshiped the same way, Baal and … The many images of Baal and Ashtoreth are, in the opinion of some, indicated by the plural; but others think that different modifications or impersonations of the god and goddess are indicated. Next ». All these terms are used for the fertility goddesses. of the term appears in Ugaritic. These dictionary topics are from M.G. The town continued to be a pagan cultic center, and it was overthrown by the Maccabees under Judas in 165 b.c.
First we must look back in time, and see how Baal was worshiped.
New International Version (NIV). Baal and derived epithets like Baalist were used as slurs during the English Reformation for the saints and their devotees. There is little question but that some of the rites and rituals involved were obscene and perverse in the context of the law given by God to Israel. Some scholars have attempted to use these pl. And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth. 11) is the plural of Baal. I (1962), No. $3.99 a month puts a library of commentaries, study notes, and Greek & Hebrew language tools right in your pocket.
Mil. Baal was essentially associated with the sun and storms, Ashtaroth with sex and fertility. Since this was a local deity of fertility, human, animal, and harvest, it is common that the seasons, rituals, and offerings would differ from location to location.
Astarte, queen of heaven, with crescent horns, To whose bright image nightly by the moon. All are pl.
Ashtaroth is not to be confused with the Asheroth (rendered "groves" in the E. V.) mentioned in Judges 3:7. 10). The cultic worship centered about this concept, and so the pl.
3:23; Euseb. (1) The local manifestation of the mother-goddess celebrated throughout the ancient Sem. It was this fact which brought about the imprecations of the Judges and Prophets. Baal and Ashtaroth were the principal god and goddess, respectively, of the Canaanite nations (Baalim and Ashtaroth were the plural forms of these names, referring to the many shrines and images in their honor). (1 Macc 5:44). Ashtaroth is the plural of Ashtoreth, the goddess of the Zidonians (1 Kings 11:5, 33), just as Baalim (ver. It is not semantically supported that the term in such cases means merely “young,” since the notion of fertility and reproductive capacity seems involved. Bibliography Y. Aharoni, The Land of the Bible (1962), 50, 51, 159ff. What is more likely is that the term Ashtaroth was used for sheep in the same way that Ba’al was applied to men, as in the case of a woman’s husband (Hos 2:16, et al.). 2:13 Baal and Ashtaroth. i. as ̓Αστρόνοη, and a possible pl. Such attempts, however, are specious and based on subjective assumptions. During the period of the Judges, the influence of Baalim and Ashtaroth was of such seriousness that repeated warnings were raised by the Judges against this worship (1 Sam 7:4; 12:10). Just as Ba’al was the innovator or causative agent of all phenomena, so the Astarte was the female recipient of the impetus of generation and growth.
forms of the term Ištar, Biblical Ashtoreth, q.v.). ASHTAROTH ăsh’ tə rŏth (Heb. Click here for the list of Evidence for Creation Topics, « Previous Home Page As nature gods, energized by demonic spirits, they claimed to have “evolved” out of the primeval watery chaos.
forms as criteria for documentary and fragmentary analyses of the MT.
This was the home of Og, king of Bashan (Deut 1:4, 3:10; Josh 12:4), and the site of the theft of horses mentioned in Amarna Letter 197, where the town is transcribed in cuneiform as: aš-tar-te. fifth satrapy.
when the sing.
or Ashtaroth (Judg 2:13; 10:6). In Akkad. inscrs. It was transliterated into Gr. from Rhodes [text is badly defaced] and a tablet from N Africa [H. Donner and W. Röllig, Kanaanäische und Aramäische Inschriften, Bd. They were essentially equivalent to similar gods in other countries, all having originated at the first Babylon under Nimrod and then spread throughout the ancient world with the dispersion. The plural form may be, as Ewald thinks, the plural of excellence, or like Baalim an allusion to the different forms and attributes under which the goddess was worshipped. Question: "Who was Asherah / Ashtoreth?" world. Judges 2:11 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim: Judges 3:7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves. It has been conjectured that possibly Ashtaroth was envisioned as an ewe, but no evidence exists to support such a proposal. 2:13 Baal and Ashtaroth.Baal and Ashtaroth were the principal god and goddess, respectively, of the Canaanite nations (Baalim and Ashtaroth were the plural forms of these names, referring to the many shrines and images in their honor). עַשְׁתָּרֹֽות, Josh 9:10; variant, עַשְׁתָּרֹ֖ת, Deut 1:4; variant [gentilic] עֲשְׁתְּרָתִ֑י, 1 Chron 11:44; Canaanite divine name, cognate root, עשׁתרת, appears in an inscr. (See Judges 10:6; 1Samuel 7:4; 1Samuel 12:10.) Evang.
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Such animal epithets were common among other cultures of antiquity, such as the Greeks, Phoenicians, et al. plural of Baal; images of the god Baal ( Judges 2:11; 1 Samuel 7:4). Judges 10:6 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him. Let me explain. ton's allusions to these deities are not only exquisitely beautiful but also very correct, as he derived his information from Selden's learned Syntagma de Dis Syrs: Came Ashtoreth, whom the Phoenicians call'd. Apostatizing after the Canaanite cult of Ashtaroth was one of the reasons … (3) Ashtaroth is also used in connection with productivity of sheep (ewes; Gen 31:38; 32:14; Ps 78:71). The Phoenicians called her Astarte, the Assyrians worshiped her as Ishtar, and the Philistines had a …
The worship of Baalim and Ashtaroth naturally went hand in hand. seems more appropriate, but there is no convincing evidence that the MT is in error at this point. 1 Samuel 12:10 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And they cried unto the LORD, and said, We have sinned, because we have forsaken the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth: but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve thee.
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