[7] The main altar is in Baroque style. In 1651 a Dominican order settled at the island after fleeing from Turkish-occupied Crete. "Saint Lazarus of the Armenians"; called Saint Lazarus Island in English sources; Armenian: Սուրբ Ղազար, romanized: Surp Ghazar) is a small island in the Venetian Lagoon which has been home to the monastery of the Mekhitarists, an Armenian Catholic congregation, since 1717. It is south of the main island of Singapore, off the Straits of Singapore and is uninhabited. Talk to Hank to start the quest.

[4] It is not attached to the church and stands alone near the northern side of the church. [7][6], The island when Armenian monks arrived, 1717.

The island is one of the best known historic sites of the Armenian diaspora. It received its name from St. Lazarus, the patron saint of lepers. [126][127], Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, a Bolshevik revolutionary at the time, worked as a bell-ringer at the monastery of San Lazzaro in 1907. It is the primary center of the Mekhitarists, while the Mekhitarist Monastery of Vienna is their primary abbey.[2].

[7] By the early 18th century only a few crumbling ruins remained in the isle.

In 1717 San Lazzaro was ceded by the Republic of Venice to Mkhitar Sebastatsi, an Armenian Catholic monk, who established a monastery with his followers. [93] For over a century the monastery of San Lazzaro became the "potent agency for the advancement of secular, as well as of religious, knowledge" with "avowed religious, educational, and literary objectives like those of the medieval Benedictine order. [91] During the 18th century, the rediscovery of classical Armenian literature and the creation of an Armenian vernacular by the Mechitarists of San Lazzaro was a key factor in the "Armenian Renaissance. [109][5] He acquired enough Armenian to translate passages from Classical Armenian into English. [68][7] It was closed down in 1991, however, the Mekhitarists of San Lazzaro continue publication through their publishing house, Casa Editrice Armena. With its clean beaches and lush nature, its been gaining popularity over the years as a perfect spot for a fun and relaxed getaway. "[90], According to Robert H. Hewsen for nearly a century—until the establishment of the Lazarev Institute in Moscow in 1815—the monastery of San Lazzaro was the only center of intensive Armenian cultural activity that held the heritage of the Armenian people. "[20], On September 8, 1717, on the Feast of the Nativity of Mary, the Venetian Senate ceded San Lazzaro to Mkhitar and his companions, who agreed not to rename the island. Their 'light' is far more pernicious than darkness."[99]. [33], The monastery has been enlarged significantly through land reclamation four time since the 19th century. [85] The first meeting of poets Yeghishe Charents and Avetik Isahakyan took place in San Lazzaro in 1924. Lazarus Island, also known as Pulau Sakijang Pelepah, is one of the Southern Islands in Singapore. The church's restoration lasted from May to November 1722. [15] A Los Angeles Times writer noted in 1998 that San Lazzaro is still a "monastic hub of activity," although at the time the monastery housed only 10 seminarians and 10 fathers. These adjustments increased its area to 16,970 m². [5][11][12] It is often referred to in English as Saint Lazarus Island. Lazarus Island is one of the few spots at the southern islands where private chartered yachts or boats are allowed to anchor and dock.

[97] This view was expressed as early as 1877 when Charles Yriarte wrote that the Armenians "look with justice upon the island of San Lazzaro as the torch which shall one day illuminate Armenia, when the hour comes for her to live again in history and to take her place once more among free nations. [55] According to the Mekhitarist Congregation website the monastery contains 4,500 Armenian manuscripts. [4][a], The number of monks, students, and other residents at San Lazzaro has fluctuated throughout history.

[7] Also on display is one of the most ancient swords ever found, originating from Anatolia and dating to the 3rd Millennium B.C.E. They are all adorned by pieces of works, mainly by Venetian artists. The enlargement on the northern side of the island (1818) and the wing of the new printing house (1823–25). [7], Within the church, there are paintings of Armenian saints by Paoletti created in 1901: Ghevond, Hripsime, Nerses of Lambron, Nerses the Great, Sandukht, Vardan, Gregory of Narek, Nerses Shnorhali. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. The library and the manuscript depository were not affected by the flood and none of the churchmen suffered injuries. San Lazzaro lies 2 km (1.2 mi) to the southeast of Venice proper and west of the Lido. The museum now houses items related to Armenian history and art, inducing helmets and bronze belts from the Urartian period; the sword of Leo V, the last Armenian King of Cilicia, forged in Sis in 1366;[10] Armenian ceramics from Kütahya; coins, stamps and a passport issued by the 1918–20 First Republic of Armenia.

Byron's spirit haunts the island. Jesuits also briefly settled in the island. [10], The island's official Italian name, San Lazzaro degli Armeni, literally translates to "Saint Lazarus of the Armenians". Lazarus Island, also known as Pulau Sekijang Pelepah is part of Singapore's cluster of Southern Islands and is connected to St John's island through a causeway. He met his older brother, Gabriel, who was working at the monastery at that time. "[84] It is one of the richest Armenian enclaves,[85] and, according to sociologist Anny Bakalian, one of the best-known Armenian sites in the world, along with the Armenian Quarter of Jerusalem's Old City. [34] A fire broke out on the night of December 8, 1975, which partially destroyed the library and damaged the southern side of the church, and destroyed two Gaspare Diziani paintings. [79][68], —Hovhannes Shiraz's poem on San Lazzaro[80], San Lazzaro has a great historical significance to Armenians and has been described as a "little Armenia.

[95] According to Harry Jewell Sarkiss the emphasis Mekhitarists of San Lazzaro put on "their national history and language was significant, for thereby they planted the seeds" of modern Armenian nationalism. The islet lies 2 km (1.2 mi) to the southeast of Venice proper and west of the Lido and covers an area of 3 hectares (7.4 acres). Mikael Nalbandian, a liberal and anti-clerical Russian-Armenian writer, wrote in the mid-19th century that the "enlightenment of our nation must proceed from the hands of execrable papist monks! Over the centuries, dozens of artists, writers, political and religious leaders have visited the island. [31][32] Since then, San Lazzaro is also known as an academy and sometimes referred to in Latin as Academia Armena Sancti Lazari. San Lazzaro degli Armeni is a small island in the Venetian Lagoon which has been home to the monastery of the Mekhitarists, an Armenian Catholic congregation, since 1717. Օտար ջրերում հայացեալ Կղզի / Հայոց հին լույսն է քեզնով նորանում ... / Հայրենիքից դուրս՝ հայրենեաց համար: Italian Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport, 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, Vignette of the Isola di S. Lazzaro degli Armeni, Byron's visit to the Mekhitarists in Surb Ghazar Island, "In Historic Move Venice and Vienna Mekhitarist Orders Unite", "Ազգինը՝ ազգին, Հռոմինը՝ Հռոմին [The national to the nation, the Roman to Rome]", "Island of Saint Lazarus of the Armenians", "From the Fall of the Venetian Republic to the Napoleonic Decree Recognizing the Congregation", "Le comunita' religiose nelle isole (Religious communities in the islands)", "Monastère mékhitariste de Saint-Lazare (1717 - )", Consortium of European Research Libraries, "Highlights From the 56th Venice Biennale", "Republic of Armenia Pavilion at the 56th Venice Biennale", "Golden Lions for Armenia, Adrian Piper at Venice Biennale", "Memorial on Saint Lazarus Island, Venice, Italy", "Rose petal Jam from a Venetian monastery", "San Lazzaro degli Armeni – Where Monks Make Rose Petal Jam in Venice, Italy", "The Enduring Mystique of the Venetian Lagoon", "La possibilité des îles [The possibility of islands]", "Index of Armenian Art: Queen Mlk'e Gospel", "Թուեր Եւ Փաստեր' Հայ Գրատպութեան Պատմութիւնից [Number and facts from the history of Armenian printing]", "Մտորումներ Սուրբ Ղազար Այցելութեան Մը Առիթով [Thoughts on visit to San Lazzaro]", "Կիպրիանոս հայրապետը և Հուստիանե կույսը 15-16-րդ դարերի ժապավենաձև հմայիլների գեղարվեստական հարդարանքում [Patriarch Kyprianos and Justinia the virgin in the artistic decoration of 15th-16th century ribbon-like hmayils]", "Student discovers 5,000-year-old sword hidden in Venetian monastery", "Archaeoentomological study of the insect remains found within the mummy of Namenkhet Amun (San Lazzaro Armenian Monastery, Venice/Italy)", "Venise insolite: La flamme arménienne au cœur de la lagune [Unusual Venice: Armenian flame at the heart of the lagoon]", "Հայ տպագրության 500-ամյակը [The 500th Anniversary of the Armenian Book-Printing]", "Президент Армении принял аббата братства мхитаристов [President of Armenia received abbot of Mekhitarist brotherhood]", "Armenia Wins Venice Biennale 2015 Golden Lion Award", "5th Annual Conference of the Forum of Armenian Associations of Europe Venice, Italy", "Ն.Ս.Օ.Տ.Տ. [1] Literally translated from Malay, 'sa' means one, 'kijang' means barking deer, and 'pelepah' is a palm frond.

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