Shiloh (/ˈʃaɪloʊ/; Hebrew: šīlō שִׁיל֔וֹ or šīlōh שילה) is a figure mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in Genesis 49:10 as part of the benediction given by Jacob to his son Judah. Jacob states that "the sceptre will not depart from Judah... until Shiloh comes...". . The earliest source is el-Harawi, who visited the country in 1173 when it was occupied by the Crusaders and wrote: "Seilun is the village of the mosque es-Sekineh where the stone of the Table is found". Ohel-Mo'ed). Three Byzantine basilicas have now been uncovered.
Shiloh (Shylh) in the Hebrew text of Genesis 49:10. Alternative translations have led others, including some Christians, to different conclusions.. Shiloh was identified unambiguously with Khirbet Seilun (Tel Shiloh) by American philologist E. Robinson in 1838. Shiloh (/ˈʃaɪloʊ/; Hebrew: שִׁלוֹ ,שִׁילֹה ,שִׁלֹה, and שִׁילוֹ variably) was an ancient city in Samaria mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and Christian Old Testament. One of the more intriguing finds was that of a heap of pottery outside the city wall before the advent of the Israelite culture (c. 1000 BCE). Long before the advent of the Israelites, Shiloh was a walled city with a religious shrine or sanctuary during Middle and Late Bronze Age Canaan.
What is certain is that during the prophetic ministry of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 7:12–15; 26:5–9, 41:5) over three hundred years later, Shiloh had been reduced to ruins. It seems to have suffered problems of water drainage in its western section despite the installation of run-off pipes and troughs. W.F. Shiloh is the most common transliteration of a difficult Hebrew word in a verse that the Jews understood to be messianic. Shiloh (/ ˈʃaɪloʊ /; Hebrew: שִׁלוֹ,שִׁילֹה,שִׁלֹה, and שִׁילוֹ variably) was an ancient city in Samaria mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. According to Talmudic sources, the tent sanctuary remained at Shiloh for 369 years  until the Ark of the Covenant was taken into the battle camp at Eben-Ezer (1 Samuel 4:3–5) and captured by the Philistines at Aphek (probably Antipatris). The scepter shall not depart from Judah, The Names of Jesus – Jesus, Christ, and Lord, Jewish Literature and the Messianic Names, Variations on a Theme – The Word Archēgos. "How goodly are your tents, O Jacob!" This find points to a sacral status of Shiloh during the Canaanite period, a status adopted by the Israelites. In the Old Testament, Shiloh was the name of a gathering place for the Hebrew people during the time of the Judges. Shiloh, or the "King of the Jews" (a synonym for the Messiah, called "Christ" by Gentile Christendom) had indeed come "before the scepter departed from Judah," but he went unrecognized since he came to fulfill the role of the Suffering Servant (Mashiach ben Yosef). A tell and many impressive remains have been unearthed from the Canaanite and Israelite eras, with habitation lasting until the 8th century BCE. Thus שילה is linked with a great time of peace and goodness to come. שִׁילֹה Genesis 49:10, apparently noun, but probably = שֶׁלּוֺ he whose it is, or that which belongs to him, see infra; views are: (1) שִׁיל (= שָׁלִיל, Late Hebrew embryo, + suffix הֹ֯ = his son, ᵑ7 Jerome Rabb Calv); -2 שִׁלוּ, שִׁילוֺ proper name, of a location (q. v.) Herder De and most (until recently); (3) proper name of … Collared rim storage jars and some cultic items were found in these buildings, pointing to usage as part of a cultic complex. The mistaken identification lasted for centuries, as appears, for example, on the Florentine map of 1300, which places Shiloh at Nabi Samwil, where the Tomb of Samuel is found. The Peshitta has "the one to whom [it] belongs" Similarly, the Septuagint translates the word to "the things stored up for him"..
At some point during its long stay at Shiloh, the portable tent seems to have been enclosed within a compound — a Greek "temenos".
Some Christian scholars, however, have pointed out that the rendering of the text labors under the difficulty that Shiloh is not found as a personal name in the Old Testament. [dubious – discuss]. , The Latin Vulgate translates the word as "he ... that is to be sent", which would be the equivalent of the Hebrew shaluach (Hebrew: שלוח, "messenger"), indicating a possible corruption of the text (on either side). Jeremiah's admonition in the course of his temple sermon, "Go now to my place that was in Shiloh" (Jeremiah 7:12), would have occurred during this era. 4, CCSL 175, 116)—wrongly locates it midway between Jerusalem and Emmaus Nicopolis. In 638 the Muslims conquered the area of Palestine. Archaeological excavations have revealed remains from the Roman and Persian as well as Early and Late Muslim periods. On the contrary, Samuel's feast was held on August 20 in the village of Masephta (Mizpah). Mentioned in the Books of Joshua, Judges, 1 Samuel, 1 Kings, Psalms, and Jeremiah, Shiloh is situated north of Bethel, east of the Bethel–Shechem highway, and south of Lebonah in the hill-country of Ephraim in the tribal territorial allotment of the tribe of Ephraim.
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